The Best Treatments for Asthma

People living with this illness should make full use of the asthma treatments prescribed by their doctors and other lifestyle adjustments. Asthma patients should also be able to recognize the symptoms of an impending asthma attack. That they can take  measures to prevent attacks from happening.

Popular asthma treatments explained

If you have asthma, then you need to make sure that you use your inhalers and take your medication at the appropriate times. If you have been diagnosed with asthma, then you may be interested in taking part in one of our asthma clinical trials in DeLand, FL.

When it comes to treating asthma, there are three important steps to remember:

  1. Taking long-term control of your condition with medication and other treatments
  2. Relieving any current symptoms or asthma attacks as quickly as possible
  3. Take adequate measures to prevent future asthma attacks

Determining the appropriate medications for a patient depend on a variety of factors, including:

  • Symptoms
  • Age
  • Asthma triggers

Patients also need to be sure to take note of the things that work best to keep their asthma symptoms under control. Preventative, long-term control medications can help reduce the inflammation in a patient’s lungs that cause their worse symptoms.

Quick-relief inhalers (bronchodilators) can rapidly open a patient’s swollen airways that are limiting their breathing during an asthma attack. If allergies are playing an underlying role, patients may also require allergy medications to control their symptoms.

Long-Term Asthma Medications

  • Golden standard of asthma treatment
  • Often administered orally
  • Preventative treatment that should reduce chances of future attacks
  • Can keep symptoms under control for the full day
  • Long-term control of the inflammation in the airways of the lungs

There are a variety of long-term control medications which are currently available for asthma

Long-Acting Beta Agonists

  • These open the airways
  • Two main types: formoterol and salmeterol
  • Reduce airway inflammation
  • Some evidence have suggested that these can elevate the risk of severe asthma attack, so long-term beta agonists are often taken in combination with an inhaled corticosteroid
  • Do not use these in the case of an acute asthma attack

Inhaled Corticosteroids

  • This is anti-inflammatory medication
  • Main types if inhaled corticosteroids: budesonide, flunisolide, fluticasone, mometasone, ciclesonide, beclomethasone
  • Reduce swelling in the airways
  • Limit mucus production in the airways
  • May take several days before patients see effects from this medication
  • The airways will be less likely to react to potential triggers on this medication

Combination Inhalers

  • This asthma treatment is a combination of a corticosteroid and a long-acting beta agonist
  • Main types of combination inhalers: fluticasone-salmeterol, mometasone-formoterol, and budesonide-formoterol

Leukotriene Modifiers

  • A form of bronchodilators
  • Main types of leukotriene modifiers: zafirlukast, montelukast, and zileuton
  • These will help clear excess mucus from the lungs
  • Relax the smooth muscle surrounding the airways in order to open up the airways
  • Complete asthma symptom relief for up to 24 hours
  • Adverse side effects from this medication can include: aggression, irritation, depression, suicidal feelings, and even hallucinations

Theophylline

  • This is also a bronchodilator
  • Administered in pill or tablet form
  • Main types of theophylline: Elixophyllin and Theo-24
  • Works to clear excess mucus from the lungs
  • Open up the airways by relaxing the surrounding smooth muscle

Quick-Relief (Rescue) Medications

  • These are used when patients need immediate relief or rescue treatment during an asthma attack
  • These are the main types of quick-relief medications:

Oral and Intravenous Corticosteroids

  • An anti-inflammatory medication
  • Main types of corticosteroids: methylprednisolone and prednisone
  • Reduce swelling in the airways
  • Limit mucus production in airways
  • Make airways more resilient against potential asthma triggers
  • Corticosteroids can cause adverse side effects after long-term use, so only recommended fof short-term use to treat asthma symptoms

Short-Acting Beta Agonists

  • These are quick-relief bronchodilators
  • Administered via a nebulizer or inhaler
  • Main types of short-acting beta agonists: levalbuterol, albuterol, and pirbuterol
  • Open up the airways by relaxing the surrounding smooth muscle
  • Clears excess mucus from the lungs

Ipratropium

  • This is a quick-relief bronchodilator
  • Main types of ipratropium: Atrovent
  • Clears excess mucus from the lungs
  • Open up the airways by relaxing the surrounding smooth muscle
  • Commonly prescribed for the treatment of chronic bronchitis and emphysema

You should discuss your asthma treatment options with your doctor. Let him/her know when you experience the symptoms of an asthma attack and be sure to take your long-term medications on a daily basis to prevent future attacks. Your doctor can help you develop an effective treatment plan for your case of asthma, but it is up to you to adhere to that course of treatment.

Clinical Trial Indications