Treatments for Botulism
Botulism is caused by bacteria called Clostridium botulinum. Though it is rare, botulism is a serious condition and all cases thereof should be treated as an emergency. If you are worried about the risks this illness poses, you can help prevent more cases by taking part in a botulism vaccine clinical trial in DeLand, FL.
There are several types of botulism; however, there are three main forms:
- Foodborne Botulism: Canned food is almost universally considered safe, but this is one to watch out for when it comes to botulism. Environments with little oxygen actually give the harmful bacteria the means to thrive and produce the toxin in.
- Infant Botulism: This is the most common form of botulism and usually occurs between the ages of 2 and 6 months. It happens after Clostridium botulinum bacterial spores begin to grow in the baby’s intestinal tract.
- Wound Botulism: As the name may suggest, wound botulism occurs when bacteria make their way into a cut. The resulting infection then produces the toxin.
Treatments and Medications
The type of treatment a patient receives depends on the type of botulism they have. For wound botulism, the tissue might have to be removed through surgery. If a patient has come down with a case of foodborne botulism, the treatments will probably include induced bowel movement and induced vomiting.
Antitoxin and Botulism Immune Globulin
The medications, on the other hand, depend on the patient’s age. For infants, botulism immune globulin is used. For adults, antitoxin is injected in order to reduce the risk of complications, both for cases of foodborne and wound botulism. The antitoxin works by attaching itself to the toxin remaining in the individual’s system, thereby preventing new nerve damage.
Unfortunately, the antitoxin cannot reverse any damage that has already occurred. The good news is that most people recover, even if it requires long-term rehabilitation therapy.
Breathing Assistance and Rehabilitation
One of the potential challenges a patient may face during the rehabilitation process is trouble breathing. If this occurs, he or she will likely need a mechanical ventilator for several weeks, or until the effects of the toxin lessen. Sometimes patients also need therapy to improve bodily functions that have been adversely affected by the disease, such as speech or swallowing.
All types of botulism are very serious. Since it potentially fatal, it is important to seek medical treatment for botulism as soon as possible. However, despite the fact that rehabilitation is typically a lengthy process, most people recover from botulism. When caught soon enough, the majority of patients are effectively healed and survive their condition.