Gout Signs & Symptoms

Gout is a disease of chronic attacks of acute inflammatory arthritis. When there is too much uric acid in the bloodstream (hyperuricemia), the superfluous uric acid crystallizes and deposits in the synovial fluid of joints, tendons and tissue in the surrounding areas. These deposits cause persistent spells of arthritis, kidney stones, tophi and urate nephropathy. Arthritic derivatives take effect, such as swelling and pain in the joints. Gout is a painful disease that may require lifestyle changes.

Gout famously affects the metatarsal-phalangeal joint of the big toe. In fact, roughly half of all gout cases target the big toe, a type of gout known as podagra. Although gout usually affects the joints of the big toe, it can also pose arthritic symptoms in the wrists, fingers, knees and heels.

Chronic gout presents as recurring pain, redness, tenderness and swelling of one or more joints. Acute cases usually affect just one joint (usually the big toe) and present as severe pain. Gout patients usually experience heightened pain at nighttime regardless of the severity of their case. The pain is usually most intense during the 12 to 24 hours after it begins.

The following are symptoms of gout:

-Joint pain
-Joint swelling
-Joint tenderness
-Redness by affected joints
-Crushing feeling in joints
-Hot joints
-Heightened pain at nighttime
-Fever (most common in males and alcohol drinkers)
-Fatigue (most common in males and alcohol drinkers)
-Hyperuricemia
-Tophi (deposits of monosodium urate crystals; located under the skin)
-Urate nephropathy (rapidly declining kidney function)
-Bone erosion (caused by tophi)
-Kidney stones (crystallized uric acid and dietary byproducts in urine; located in the kidneys)
-Chills
-Malaise
-Inability to walk
-Difficulty walking

The following conditions increase the risk of developing gout and attacks of gouty arthritis:

-Obesity
-Weight gain
-Sickle cell anemia
-Leukemia
-Dehydration
-Injury
-Renal disease
-Alcoholism
-Recent trauma
-Surgery
-Over-eating
-Diabetes
-Hyperlipidemia
-Hypertension
-Metabolic syndrome
-Hyperuricemia
-Fructose corn syrup
-Some medications

The following conditions can cause Hyperuricemia:

-Overproduction of uric acid
-Dietary habits
-Inadequate excretion of uric acid by the kidneys
-Genetics
-Weight gain
-Over-eating
-Some medications
-Fructose corn syrup

If you feel a very sudden severe pain in a joint, call your doctor right away. Also, if you have a fever along with a hot, painful and inflamed joint, contact your doctor immediately. These can be signs of infection, which can be dangerous if left untreated. Additionally, if gout is not adequately treated it can lead to intensifying pain, bone erosion and joint damage.

Talk with your health care provider to plan the most appropriate course of treatment for your specific gout case. Your doctor can prescribe you appropriate gout medications and therapies to treat your symptoms. Your pain and swelling can be dealt with so that you can live your life with much less interference.

For more information on gout check out a few of these blog posts:

What To Eat If You Have Gout

Clinical Trial Indications